how many immigration detention centres are there in the uk

October 12th, 2020 by


For those entering detention from July 2017, the length of detention will include time spent in prison under immigration powers prior to entering an IRC, STHF or PDA. The largest number of voluntary returns were Indian (2,092) nationals followed by Chinese (1,234) and Pakistani (1,197) nationals which accounted for over one third of the total voluntary returns (13,140). Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned. We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license. Data on those returned from detention in the returns table rt 01q (volume 1) do not include those refused entry at port, and so figures will be lower. (See the ‘About the Statistics’ section for the definition of asylum-related returns). Albanian nationals showed the largest decrease in enforced returns compared with the year ending June 2018 (down 383) and Brazilian nationals were the only nationality in the top 5 that saw an increase (up 142).

One individual may enter or leave detention multiple times in a given period and will therefore have been counted multiple times in the statistics. Harmondsworth, near Heathrow, is the largest detention centre in Europe, holding up to 630 people at any one time. Detention closed reason: Bailed (Secretary of State) replaced the existing powers of Granted temporary admission/release from 15/01/2018, following the introduction of the new Immigration Bail in Schedule 10 of the Immigration Bill 2016.

This does not include those who absconded from prisons while detained solely under immigration powers. You’ve accepted all cookies. We have also increased face-to-face engagement with detainees. 3 Commons Library Briefing, 12 September 2018 . Those who are subject to immigration controls may be held … Just over two-thirds (68%) were EU nationals (3,560), Almost one-third (32%) were non-EU nationals (1,643), 10% were also known to have an overseas criminal record, Enter, or attempt to enter, the UK illegally (including people entering clandestinely and by means of deception on entry), Are subject to deportation action; for example, due to a serious criminal conviction, Overstay their period of legal right to remain in the UK. The updates are published on GOV.UK. Asylum-related returns relate to cases where there has been an asylum claim at some stage prior to the return. Following the introduction of the new Immigration Bail in Schedule 10 of the Immigration Bill 2016, the reason for leaving detention ‘Bailed (SoS)’ replaced the existing powers of ‘granted temporary admission/release’ from 15/01/2018, and ‘Bailed (Immigration Judge)’ replaced ‘Bailed’ to differentiate from ‘Bailed (SoS)’. The number of passengers refused entry at port and subsequently departed rose by 5% in year ending June 2019, compared with the previous year (to 19,399) and represents a rise for the seventh consecutive year. These figures are included in the total returns figures, with the majority being enforced returns.

Data from July 2017 includes those leaving detention through HM Prisons. See the user guide for more details of this change. In some cases, individuals who have been told to leave the UK will not notify the Home Office of their departure from the UK. This includes people who: The term ‘deportations’ refers to a legally-defined subset of returns, which are enforced either following a criminal conviction, or when it is judged that a person’s removal from the UK is conducive to the public good.

This was followed by Indian nationals (7%, or 1,773) and Pakistani nationals (6%, or 1,400). This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-june-2019/how-many-people-are-detained-or-returned. Prior to July 2017, those entering detention in prisons would not be counted in the entering figures until they entered the detention estate. In 2018, one person died while being held solely under immigration powers in detention, compared with 4 in 2017. There was a peak number of more than 3,500 people who were held in immigration detention facilities in September 2015, but that has since fallen to less than 3,000 at any given time, according to The Migration Observatory at The University of Oxford.About 30,000 people are detained and held at the centers each year. An individual who moves from one part of the detention estate to another has not been counted as leaving each part of the detention estate. These cases are now included when entering immigration detention in prison. We have put in place the foundations that will enable us to continue the changes Stephen Shaw envisaged last year and I will continue to ensure that the health and wellbeing of detainees is the number one priority. Data referred to here can be found in the following tables: Data on the number of people returned from the UK from detention in detention table dt 08 q includes those who were refused entry at port in the UK who were subsequently detained and then departed the UK. ‘Voluntary returns’ include a variety of departures, including assisted voluntary returns, controlled returns and other verified returns (for example, through data matching). Data on returns, and requests for transfer out of the UK under the Dublin Regulation, by article and country of transfer, are available from the Asylum data tables Dublin regulation, June 2019. The reforms have meant that there is a higher ratio of staff to detainees in removal centres and there has been a more than 30% reduction in the number of people in detention. The statistics in this section show the number of returns from the UK. Data on those entering detention, by place of detention, relate to the place of initial detention. Last July, the former Prisons and Probation Ombudsman for England and Wales, Stephen Shaw, published a report which assessed government progress in responding to his 2016 review on the welfare of vulnerable individual in detention. As a result, the length of detention of those entering prison prior to July 2017 will be recorded from the point at which they entered an IRC, STHF or PDA. You’ve accepted all cookies. EU nationals may be returned for not exercising, or abusing, Treaty rights or deported on public policy grounds (such as criminality). The Windrush generation refers to people from Caribbean countries who were invited by the British government between 1948 and 1971 to migrate to the UK as it faced a labour shortage due to the destruction caused by World War II. In the same period there were 13,140 voluntary returns from the UK. This also supports the management of detainees’ wellbeing and the identification of any signs of mental or physical deterioration. As a result, data for more recent periods will initially undercount the total number of returns. Further details on the Dublin Regulation are set out in the user guide. See section 7 of the ‘About this release’ section for more details. Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone. Image cropped.

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